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Another mini Talon QuadPlane Conversion

Hi,

Winter is fast approaching here in Upstate New York so I decided to keep busy inside and create a new mini Talon QuadPlane from spare parts that I had on hand. I still love the way my original MT QP flies and performs. It is fast and flies like it is on rails. It’s only crash came from an aggressive bird strike, but I repaired that years ago.

I had a spare MT kit and all the parts. Many of my electronics came from my disassembled FX-79 QuadPlane.

I started using the SunnySky x3508 700kv motors many years ago on my Tarot copters and then my BEV FireFLY6 VTOL. They could spin a 12" on 4s and a 10" prop on 6s. They were a lower cost alternative to the T-motor. For this project, I’ll be using 10" props on a 6s LiPo (two 3s in series). Even the forward flight motor will be the x3508 as I have many spares.

I found several 16mm carbon tubes and motor pods in my spare parts which seem to be a perfect length for the QuadPlane bars and fit the x3508 motors. Next to the Multistar batteries is a carbon landing leg that will be used to keep the MT upright.

So, it’s time to break open this MT kit I have had in my loft for years now and have some winter building fun!

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@GregCovey Sir Great, But you do not mention Flight controller :smiley:. which flight controller are you using :thinking:? I am waiting for your flight :airplane: with this MT.

Thank you
Mohan

Hi Mohan,

My flight controller will be the same type as my previous MT QT. A Pixhawk 1 (a.k.a. Pixhawk Pro or Pixhawk v2.4.8) These are inexpensive and I have several new and used ones on hand.

Original mini Talon Conversion Links
Mini Talon QuadPlane Conversion (circa 2017)
Mini Talon QuadPlane Conversion (cont.)(circa 2019)
MT2_PixhawkPro

One thing I learned from my previous MT conversion was to build as much of the assembly as possible before gluing the two halves together. I also wanted a battery tray where I could simply drop in the batteries and secure them with a Velcro strap. Since my 5 sets of 3s 5AH packs were used on other projects and had no Velcro on them, it was a requirement to keep them that way.

Many folks use 3D printed parts for this model but I simply use the stock plywood parts. Even my battery tray was made from a modified cardboard box that the batteries came in with some fuzzy Velcro to help the batteries slide into place.

When placing the battery tray, the goal was to not obstruct the air flow, from the top and bottom entry points, but to place it in the air flow path and across the batteries. Not shown in the pics are air entries into the front of the tray.

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@GregCovey Great Plan of action. This way we are assembling XUAV Talon(1718).

Mounting the Pixhawk vibration dampener was easy as long as you remember to leave enough space for the servo and ESC cable plugs. I added some balsa blocks on either end of the “cage” in case I wanted to mount components. I also found this Micro USB Extension at ReadyMadeRC.com so that I could more easily download new firmware and logs.

On my first MT QP, I wasn’t thrilled with my technique to keep it upright on the ground so I looked at the Nimbus VTOL carbon landing leg below. By making some small cuts in the foam under the canopy, I could mount the landing legs to create a level (or near level) tripod that really made the MT stand up straight without interfering with the canopy pod. The inside of the foam nose had some M4 t-nuts and plywood base.

At this point, the two halves are not glued together but simply press fit in place. I chose the right side of the fuselage to glue things in place like the flight controller “cage”, battery tray, and motor mount.

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@GregCovey Sir, an anti-vibration mount is necessary for Mini Talon. Without an anti-vibration mount also X-UAV Talon is going well. I have one doubt when we are making fixed wings, Is the anti-vibration mount is completely or not? :thinking:

Thanks and regards
Mohan

Mohan,

I almost always use the anti-vibration mount with my Pixhawk 1 flight controllers on VTOLs. This learned behavior goes back to my larger copter days. I would recommend it for Pixhawk 1. If you use a cube, it has built-in vibration dampening and a heater…better performance at a higher cost.

Cheers!

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Sir, we are using cube black up to now, for XUAV Talons. I had seen your pictures, then i had doubts about the anti-vibration mount.

thank you for your confirmation,

Thank you
Mohan

I doubled the thickness of the motor mount plywood so I could install some M4 t-nuts and make the motor removeable. This required cutting the slot in the fuselage a bit.

After testing the motor mount fit, I installed all 5 ESCs, X8R receiver, and two regulators (5v and 12v) in the fuselage halves before gluing them together. The forward flight motor spin direction was tested ahead of time but the quad ESCs used the 3-pin 3mm bullet connectors that can simply be swapped around to reverse the quad-x motor direction as needed.

My first experiment using the Chinese “jiao shui” glue was successful! The thinner viscosity and medium cure helps when gluing larger surfaces together. It is also inexpensive.

I installed the front gear to hold the body upright while the glue dried and the carbon tube let me know that things were well aligned.

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After painting the tail fins, I installed the servos and linkages. I found some older RC Lander servos that fit snuggly into position so very little glue was used. The tail fins align themselves when inserted into the fuselage.

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I installed the aileron servos and linkages. I used some Corona CS-929MG 12g servos that I had on hand. After testing each wing assembly, I installed the wings to the fuselage to make alignment of the quad bars easier. Of course, I forgot to apply my wing bottom decals (black strips) but I can do that later.

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The 16mm carbon tubes measured 394mm or about 15.5". I can’t remember where I got them from other than old copter project for Tarot or DJI. They are high quality carbon and weigh almost nothing. For props, I used 10x5.5 carbon t-props from RC Timer. No chance of a spinner coming off.

I had cut and sanded the channels in the fuselage foam earlier in the project so the tubes would simply lie in place. Having the wings and props on helped me insure the alignment when gluing the tubes with Foam Tac. Initially, I put an aggressive 5 degree tilt on the motor angle which I would later relax to about half of that. The tilt keeps the MT nose up for dip-free transitions.

The motors were installed onto the pods and the wires were fed through to a long slot in the middle of the tube. I then soldered the 3mm bullet connectors onto the motor wires. The direction of rotation was tested before gluing the tubes in place. Although I can still get to the 3-pin 3mm bullet connectors, it was definitely easier to have this all sorted before gluing the tubes to the body.

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My initial hover test in QSTABILIZE mode of my new mini Talon VTOL was successful. I balanced it at 55mm from the LE. The current draw was about 24A at a voltage of 22.2v for 533 watts. This compares closely to my original mini Talon VTOL.

It took about 2oz of lead weight on the FPV pod to balance at 55mm. After the video, I added the APC 10x6 e-prop to the tail which took another 1.0oz of lead on the nose to balance. Currently, I need 3.0oz of camera weight (probably more since the lead weight is at the tip) before I need to start adding a little weight to the tail…which is much farther from the CG so less is needed.

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