Servers by jDrones

PX4 vs ArduPilot - when to choose what

(Alexey Simonov) #22

totally unfair comparison between 2009 and 2017

2 Likes
(mike kelly) #23

I think there is a fundamental mindset difference between the two due to the license. With Ardupilot you are required to allow any improvements to the code to be shared with the community. With PX4 you are not. Hence PX4 is attractive to corporate developers who want a free base to work from and will encapsulate the result of their additions into a closed product.

Ardupliot by nature attracts people interested in growing and sharing the results of their work by adding back to the community.

Theoretically that should give Ardupilot a leg up in development for the end user.

2 Likes
(Khancyr) #24

That is wrong… It is not because ArduPilot is GPL that you need to share your developpement with the communauty… You only need to share your ArduPilot source and developpement if somebody buy your product and ask for it.
Most company just chose to hide they use ArduPilot. For PX4, it is different are you can relicense the code as your own and don’t need to share anything if you want.

(mike kelly) #25

That is the point if you are a corporation wanting to build a product, which most corporations then sell right? You get most of the work for free and you don’t have to share anything that you develop.

What I said is correct.

1 Like
(fs) #26

Hi, I am following the discussion and I am highly interested in the difference between ardupilot and PX4. However, from the last posts, I got a bit confused.

What is the difference at the licensing side?

Regarding PX4 (License type: BSD 3-clause): I read this on the github page (https://github.com/PX4/Firmware/blob/master/LICENSE)

Regarding Ardupilot (License type: GPLv3) here is the information about the license:
http://ardupilot.org/dev/docs/license-gplv3.html

I would like to ask you: what are the differences between Ardupilot and PX4 at the licensing level? I am not an expert in software licenses and it is not super easy to understand.

What I understood so far:
In both cases one can redistribute (as far as I understood in GPL you MUST redistribute while BSD is more permissive. The BSD basically says “here’s the source code, do whatever you want with it, but if you have problems, it’s your problem”. That means you can take BSD’ed code and turn it into a proprietary application if you so wish - there’s nothing saying you have to give the code back (although it is nice to do so).).

I suggest you read this article which clarified a bit the things for me (but maybe it is too old?)
https://fosswire.com/post/2007/04/the-differences-between-the-gpl-lgpl-and-the-bsd/

Thanks for the help.

(mike kelly) #27

Yes that is the bottom line. With BSD you can do what you want, including making your new product code based on PX4 code entirely proprietary and unavailable… With GPL if you incorporate the code into a product the buyer of that product has the right to demand to view the source code of the product.

(ppoirier) #28

Funny to see how the discussion has shifted from Features to Licence… incidentally this is what happened when ArduPilot and DroneCode splitted 2 years ago.

Personally, I still consider that ArduPilot has the best features and a great community of users and developers. PX4 is still leading in academic & research because of the high compatibility with ROS through MAVROS that offers an easy interface between both world. There is more and more interest now in ArduPilot community to interface using ROS-MAVROS with projects implementing scanning Lidars, Visual Odometry and SLAM. Take a look at these project and you will get a glimpse of what to come Congratulations, GSoC 2018 Ardupilot Students!

4 Likes
(mike kelly) #29

It is a point in comparing the two because as noted, the communities are quite different. Which is better depends on what you are after.

1 Like
(smilie) #30

The GUI in PX4 for calibrating is still more nice and clear.

Is there a way, to grab the nice features for ardupilot?
Or is it impossible, because of the small memory in some devices?

(Luís Vale Gonçalves) #31

The flight software does not have a GUI.

Your choice of GCS has a GUI, and if you use a recent version of QGC the setup is graphically similar either when setting up PX4 or Ardupilot.

(Suraj Prajapati) #32

Why are you thinking to move to ardupilot? What is wrong with px4.
I am trying to compare both the system but not finding all the answers.
could you explain reliability of px4 and ardupilot?